ICoronavirus conundrum: Iziqukathi zisashoda

"Kusukela kwikota yesithathu, sibone ukukhuphuka okungenakulinganiswa kwezidingo zokuthuthwa kwamakhonteyina," kusho uNils Haupt wenkampani ethwala imithwalo uHapag Lloyd etshela i-DW. Kukuthuthuka okungalindelekile kepha okuthokozisayo kulandela iminyaka eyi-12 yokudilizwa kwebhizinisi nokuqala kobhadane.

UHaupt uthe ukuthunyelwa kwezimoto kushayeke kakhulu ngoJanuwari nangoFebhuwari 2020 njengoba umkhiqizo wamaShayina umile, kanjalo nokuthekelisa okuya e-Asia. "Kodwa-ke izinto zashintsha, kwathi ukufunwa kwehla eMelika, eYurophu naseNingizimu Melika," ekhumbula. "Ukukhiqizwa kwamaShayina kwaqalwa kabusha, kodwa yayingekho imisebenzi eminingi yezokuthutha - imboni yethu yayicabanga ukuthi ingahlala ngale ndlela amasonto noma izinyanga."

Ukukhiya kubangele ukuqhuma

Izinto ziphinde zashintsha ngo-Agasti lapho isidingo sokuthuthwa kwamakhonteyna sithathe kakhulu, sedlula amandla okuhlinzeka. Le boom nayo ibangelwe ukukhiya phansi, ukubona abantu abaningi besebenza ekhaya futhi basebenzise imali encane ekuhambeni noma ezinsizakalweni. Ngenxa yalokhu, abaningi batshale imali kwifenisha entsha, i-electronics yabathengi, imishini yezemidlalo namabhayisikili kunokonga imali yabo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, amabhizinisi amakhulu kanye nabahwebi bebelokhu begcina izinqolobane zabo futhi.

Ama-fleets awakwazanga ukukhula ngokushesha okwanele ukugcina ukuhambisana nesidingo esikhuphukile sokuthunyelwa kwamakhonteyina. "Abanikazi bemikhumbi abaningi bayilahlile imikhumbi eminingi emidala kule minyaka embalwa edlule," kusho uBurkhard Lemper we-Institute for Shipping Economics and Logistics (ISL) etshela i-DW. Ubuye wengeza ukuthi abanikazi bemikhumbi nabo bebenqikaza uku-oda imikhumbi emisha, kwathi ngemuva kokuqala kwenkinga ye-coronavirus amanye ama-oda ahlehlisiwe.

"Okusikhathaza kakhulu okwamanje ukuthi asinayo eminye imikhumbi emakethe," kusho uNils Haupt kaHapag Lloyd, enezela ngokuthi akunakwenzeka okwamanje ukuqasha imikhumbi. "Yonke imikhumbi ekwazi ukuthwala iziqukathi futhi engekho emagcekeni emikhumbi lapho kwenziwa umsebenzi wokuyilungisa iyasetshenziswa, futhi azikho neziqukathi ezigciniwe," kusho uRalf Nagel we-German Shipowners 'Association (VDR) eqinisekisa i-vis-a-vis DW.

Ukubambezeleka kwezokuthutha kwengeza ekushodeni

Ukuntuleka kwemikhumbi akuyona ukuphela kwendaba. Ukufunwa okukhulu nobhadane kubangele ukuphazamiseka okukhulu emachwebeni nangesikhathi sokuhamba okungena ngaphakathi ezweni. ELos Angeles ngokwesibonelo, imikhumbi kufanele ilinde cishe izinsuku eziyi-10 ngaphambi kokuba ivunyelwe ukungena ethekwini. Ukuntuleka kwabasebenzi ngenxa yezinyathelo zokuvala kanye namaqabunga okugula kuyasibhebhethekisa isimo, kanti ubhadane kwesinye isikhathi luhlukanisa wonke amaqembu ngokuvalelwa wedwa.

"Kusenamalungu angaba ngu-400 000 asolwandle angaphandle angakwazi ukushintshwa ngokulandela uhlelo," kusho uMengameli we-VDR u-Alfred Hartmann.

Iziqukathi ezingenalutho ziyibhodlela langempela njengoba zivame ukuba solwandle isikhathi eside kunokujwayelekile ngenxa yokubambezeleka kwamachweba, emiseleni nangenkathi kuthuthwa phakathi nezwe. NgoJanuwari kuphela, imikhumbi ye-Hapag Lloyd yashesha ukufika ngamahora ayi-170 emizileni evame kakhulu e-Far East. Emizileni ye-trans-Pacific, ukubambezeleka kungezwe kufika emahoreni angama-250 ngokwesilinganiso.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, iziqukathi zivame ukuhlala namakhasimende isikhathi eside zize ziphathwe. “Ngonyaka odlule nasekuqaleni kwalo nyaka, sathenga iziqukathi ezintsha ezingama-300 000, kodwa nazo lezo zazinganele, kusho uHaupt. Ukuthenga okungaphezulu futhi bekungeyona enye indlela, engeza, njengoba abakhiqizi bebevele besebenza ngokugcwele futhi namanani entengo enyukile.

Amanani aphezulu wezimpahla, inzuzo ephezulu

Ukufunwa okuphezulu kuholele ekukhuphukeni kwamanani emithwalo, kubeka labo abanezinkontileka zesikhathi eside ithuba - izinkontileka zashaywa ngaphambi kokuba kuqalwe ukusebenza. Kodwa noma ngubani odinga amandla ezokuthutha amaningi ngesikhashana nje uphoqeleka ukuba akhiphe imali eningi futhi angazicabangela banenhlanhla uma izimpahla zabo zithunyelwa nhlobo. "Njengamanje, sekungenakwenzeka ukubhukha umthamo wokuthumela ngesikhashana," kuqinisekisa uHaupt.

Ngokusho kukaHaupt, amanani ezimpahla manje aseze aphindeke kane uma kuqhathaniswa nasesikhathini sonyaka owedlule, ikakhulukazi maqondana nokuthuthwa okuvela eChina. Isilinganiso samanani ezimpahla eHapag Lloyd sikhuphuke ngo-4% ngo-2019, kusho uHaupt.

Njengenkampani enkulu kunazo zonke eJalimane yokuhambisa amakhonteyina, uHapag Lloyd ube nonyaka omuhle ngo-2020. Kulo nyaka, inkampani ilindele ukuthi enye inzuzo izuze. Ingase iqede ikota yokuqala ngemali etholwayo ngaphambi kwenzalo nentela (i-Ebit) okungenani engu- € 1.25 billion ($ 1,25 billion), uma kuqhathaniswa ne- € 160 million nje ngesikhathi esifanayo ngonyaka owedlule.

Inkampani enkulu kunazo zonke yokuthumela izitsha emhlabeni, iMaersk, yathola inzuzo yokusebenza elungisiwe engu- $ 2.71 billion kwikota yesine yanyakenye. Inkampani yaseDenmark ilindele nokuthi imali etholwayo ikhuphuke ngokuqhubekayo ku-2021.


Isikhathi Iposi: Jun-15-2021